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Audio-Visual Collection: A Sub-Group of the Honorable Michael A. Musmanno Collection

Identifier: MSS 023

Scope and Contents

This collection is composed of records, magnetic recordings, digitized material on CDs, films and one VHS tape. Of crucial importance are the recordings of Musmanno interviewing Hitler’s associates.


  • 1909 - 1968

Biographical / Historical

Michael A. Musmanno was born on April 7, 1897, in Stowe Township, Allegheny County, PA. In 1923, he was admitted to the Pennsylvania Bar and worked several years as an attorney. He served 4 years in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives and, in 1932; he began his lifelong career as a jurist. In 1951, he became a Justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. During the World War II, Captain Musmanno served as naval aide to General Mark Clark, Fifth Army, during the Italian invasion. Musmanno led the U.S. investigation to determine if Adolf Hitler died at the end of the war. He served as a presiding judge at the Nuremberg War Crime trials and retired from active duty as a rear admiral. During his postwar career, he was elected as a Pennsylvania Supreme Court Judge, a position he held until his death. In 1964, Musmanno ran an unsuccessful campaign for United States Senate. Aside from his political career, he was a prolific writer, publishing sixteen books, including Across the Street From the Courthouse, The Story of Italians in America, and Columbus Was First as well as a number of short stories and articles. Judge Musmanno passed away at the age of 71 on Columbus Day, October 12, 1968.


. Linear Feet (187 records, 32 magnetic recording tapes, 5 CDs (multiple copies), 28 films, 1 VHS)

Language of Materials



The whole material of this rich collection is organized per type of recordings. Series 1 is exclusively composed of vinyl records. Series 2 is composed of magnetic recordings of different formats. Some of them are unlabeled. Series 3 is composed of several CD. Of crucial importance are all the interrogations of Hitler’s associates led by Musmanno. Series 4 is composed of films, mostly 16 mm. Series 5 contains one recording from 1985 on a VHS tape.


The personal papers and library of the former Pennsylvania State Supreme Court justice, congressman, and author Michael A. Musmanno are located in the University Archives at Duquesne University. Documents include papers from Musmanno’s time as a defense attorney in the Sacco & Vanzetti trial, judge in the Nuremberg Trials, witness in the case against Adolf Eichmann, and interviews with Hitler’s associates. The collection also covers papers related to campaigns to end the Sunday Blue Laws, illegalize the Communist Party and to disband the Coal and Iron Police. This particular collection is composed exclusively of audiovisual material.

Processing Information

Processed by Anaïs Grateau, June – August 2016

Audio-Visual Collection
Duquesne University Archives and Special Collection
Anais Grateau
June-August 2016
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Edition statement
Processed by Anaïs Grateau, June – August 2016

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections Repository