Photographs Collection: A Sub-Group of the Honorable Michael A. Musmanno Collection
Scope and Contents
This collection is a part of a greater collection entitled The Honorable Michael A. Musmanno Papers. The bulk of the material dates from 1904 to the death of Musmanno in 1968. All the photographs from the different series have been extracted and compiled in this collection. A vast amount of them, for instance the portraits of Judge Musmanno, are available in multiple copies. All the most important pictures have been stored in protective plastic sleeves. The others need to be handled with gloves.
- 1904 - 1968
Biographical / Historical
Michael A. Musmanno was born on April 7, 1897, in Stowe Township, Allegheny County, PA. In 1923, he was admitted to the Pennsylvania Bar and worked several years as an attorney. He served 4 years in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives and, in 1932; he began his lifelong career as a jurist. In 1951, he became a Justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. During the World War II, Captain Musmanno served as naval aide to General Mark Clark, Fifth Army, during the Italian invasion. Musmanno led the U.S. investigation to determine if Adolf Hitler died at the end of the war. He served as a presiding judge at the Nuremberg War Crime trials and retired from active duty as a rear admiral. During his postwar career, he was elected as a Pennsylvania Supreme Court Judge, a position he held until his death. In 1964, Musmanno ran an unsuccessful campaign for United States Senate. Aside from his political career, he was a prolific writer, publishing sixteen books, including Across the Street From the Courthouse, The Story of Italians in America, and Columbus Was First as well as a number of short stories and articles. Judge Musmanno passed away at the age of 71 on Columbus Day, October 12, 1968.
19 Linear Feet (38 boxes and 162 framed or rolled-up pictures)
Language of Materials
Series 1: Portraits This series is composed of more than 50 Musmanno portraits from the age of 7 until a few months before his death. It includes personal, judicial and military portraits.
Series 2: Family This series gathers all the pictures of Musmanno's relatives including his parents, his siblings, his cousins, his nieces and nephews as well as their children, and Rosamond Cellini to whom he was briefly engaged. It also includes a series of color photographs taken during the funeral of Musmanno.
Series 3: At home This series compiles photographs taken during family gatherings or party with friends.
Series 4: Court material This series includes a selection of pictures related to Musmanno's judicial work. Of special note is a photograph linked to the Barcoski Case since it is connected to Musmanno's attempts to abolish the Coal and Iron Police in Pennsylvania.
Series 5: Sacco-Vanzetti This series is of particular importance in the collection since it includes several portraits of Sacco and Vanzetti such as pictures taken before and after the trial. Several pictures of Musmanno are included, in particular one with Mrs Sacco and others taken during the pardon procedure. Most of them come with a detailed caption.
Series 6:Military and wartime, 1917-1948 Most of the pictures in this series have been taken while Musmanno was stationed in Italy and was governor of the Sorrento Peninsula. Are also included photographs taken during his trips to Berlin, Dachau and Austria.
Series 7:War crimes This series is of special significance to all researchers interested in World War II and its aftermath. It compiles pictures taken in Nuremberg after the end of the war as well as photographs of Eichmann's trial in Jerusalem in 1961 for which Musmanno was called as a witness. The Nuremberg photographs (1946-1948) were taken during the trials of Erhard Milch, Oswald Pohl and of the Einsatzgrupppen, mobile dead squads responsible for the death of more than one million Jewish people and dozens of thousands of political opponents, gypsies and disabled persons. They offer the researcher a unique view of the Nuremberg Trials.
Series 8: Interrogations of Hitler's associates These pictures were taken by Musmanno and his assistants during his interrogations of around 50 people of Hitler's entourage. These photographs can be portraits of individuals or group pictures. Musmanno is featured in several of them. A few examples of people he interrogated are Eva Braun's relatives, Hitler's personal secretary Traudl Junge and his dentist Hugo Blaschke. The series also includes material gathered by Musmanno during his research such as Nazi propaganda pictures and three binders of photographs taken during the war.
Series 9: General Clark This series compiles portraits of the General (1896-1964) as well as many photographs on which he appears close to Musmanno. This American army officer served during World War I, World War II and the Korean War. These pictures were mostly taken during World War II in Italy.
Series 10: Political campaigns This series compiles pictures taken while Musmanno was running for office, for instance for lieutenant governor in 1950 and for the state supreme court in 1951.
Series 11: Communist Party This small series is composed of pictures of the Headquarter of Western PA Communist Party from 1950 as well as photographs of Alice Roth, secretary of the East Pittsburgh branch of the communist party.
Series 12: People and visiting, 1913-1968 (bulk, 1932-1968) This series is one of the biggest in the collection. It consists of a series of portraits and group pictures of Musmanno's relatives and friends, persons he met on trips, politicians, actors, journalists and people he admired in general. Among these hundreds of photographs, one can find for instance several pictures of John Fitzgerald and Robert Kennedy, of the baseball player Joe diMaggio and of the actress and singer Judy Garland. Of special significance are the pictures of Musmanno with JFK taken in 1960.
Series 13: Places and trips, 1915-1968 This series compiles photographs of Musmanno or taken by Musmanno during his trips. Italian cities such as Florence, Rome and Venice are prominently featured.
Series 14: Speeches and public appearances, 1930-1968 This series compiles photographs taken during public events attended by Musmanno as well as photographs of dozens of his speeches.
Series 15: Banquets and official meals, 1945-1967 This series compiles pictures of Musmanno attending banquets and official celebrations.
Series 16: Awards, presentations and gifts, 1945-1968 This series compiles all the pictures taken during various ceremonies and official events held in honor of Musmanno. Some of them are related to awards he received posthumously.
Series 17: Authorship and adaptations, 1935-1968 This series deals with Musmanno's work as a writer. It is composed of photographs related to his work on Black Fury, of pictures used for the movie Ten days to die as well as pictures including in the book The story of the Italians in America.
Series 18: Miscellaneous This series includes negatives, two photo albums, slides as well as pictures whose subject still needs to be identified by future researchers.
This series compiles all the pictures of the collection that could not fit in regular archival boxes. This includes the photographs that have been framed as well as those that have been rolled up.
The personal papers and library of the former Pennsylvania State Supreme Court justice, congressman, and author Michael A. Musmanno are located in the University Archives at Duquesne University. Documents include papers from Musmanno’s time as a defense attorney in the Sacco & Vanzetti trial, judge in the Nuremberg Trials, witness in the case against Adolf Eichmann, and interviews with Hitler’s associates. The collection also covers papers related to campaigns to end the Sunday Blue Laws, illegalize the Communist Party and to disband the Coal and Iron Police. This particular collection is composed exclusively of photographs belonging to Judge Michael A. Musmanno. It includes pictures taken by him as well as pictures of him. The vast majority of them are in black and white, except for a series of color photographs taken in the last ten years of his life. Going through these thousands of photographs is a unique opportunity to get acquainted with Musmanno's relatives and friends and, more importantly, to discover the vast array of places Musmanno traveled to during his life. Of crucial importance in this extensive collection are the pictures related to the Sacco-Vanzetti case and the ones dealing with Musmanno's work in Germany during his interrogations of Hitler's associates and the Nuremberg trials.
Processed by Anaïs Grateau, February 2016 – July 2016
- Photographs Collection
- Duquesne University Archives and Special Collections
- Anais Grateau
- February-July 2016
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note
- Edition statement
- Processed by Anaïs Grateau, February 2016 – July 2016
Part of the Special Collections Repository